Employment of construction and extraction occupations is projected to grow 10 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations, increasing from 6.5 million jobs to 7.2 million jobs. Overall growth in the economy and population will increase demand for new buildings, roads, and other structures, which will create new job openings for construction and extraction occupations.
The median annual wage for all construction and extraction occupations was $42,280 in May 2015, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $36,200.
Boilermakers assemble, install, and repair boilers, closed vats, and other large vessels or containers that hold liquids and gases.
Carpenters construct and repair building frameworks and structures—such as stairways, doorframes, partitions, and rafters—made from wood and other materials. They also may install kitchen cabinets, siding, and drywall.
Construction and building inspectors ensure that construction meets local and national building codes and ordinances, zoning regulations, and contract specifications.
Construction equipment operators drive, maneuver, or control the heavy machinery used to construct roads, bridges, buildings, and other structures.
Construction laborers and helpers perform many basic tasks that require physical labor on construction sites.
Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from development to completion.
Drywall and ceiling tile installers hang wallboards to walls and ceilings and install ceiling tile inside buildings. Tapers prepare the wallboards for painting, using tape and other materials. Many workers do both installing and taping.
Electricians install and maintain electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems in homes, businesses, and factories.
Elevator installers and repairers install, fix, and maintain elevators, escalators, moving walkways, and other lifts.
Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.
Glaziers install windows, skylights, and other glass products in storefronts and buildings.
Hazardous materials (hazmat) removal workers identify and dispose of asbestos, radioactive and nuclear waste, arsenic, lead, and other hazardous materials. They also neutralize and clean up materials that are flammable, corrosive, reactive, or toxic.
Insulation workers install and replace the materials used to insulate buildings to help control and maintain the temperatures in buildings.
Ironworkers install structural and reinforcing iron and steel to form and support buildings, bridges, and roads.
Masonry workers, also known as masons, use bricks, concrete blocks, concrete, and natural and manmade stones to build walls, walkways, fences, and other masonry structures.
Painters apply paint, stain, and coatings to walls, buildings, bridges, and other structures.
Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair pipes that carry liquids or gases to and in businesses, homes, and factories.
Roofers repair and install the roofs of buildings using a variety of materials, including shingles, asphalt, and metal.
Sheet metal workers fabricate or install products that are made from thin metal sheets, such as ducts used for heating and air conditioning.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) installers, often called PV installers, assemble, install, or maintain solar panel systems on roofs or other structures.
All construction and related workers not listed separately.
Continuous Mining Machine Operators operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the mine face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.
Derrick Operators (Oil and Gas) rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud through drill hole.
Earth Drillers (Except Oil and Gas) operate a variety of drills, such as rotary, churn, and pneumatic drills, to tap subsurface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction.
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials.
All extraction workers not listed separately.
Fence Erectors erect and repair fences, including gates, using hand and power tools.
First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.
Helpers—Extraction Workers help extraction craftworkers, such as earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators, by performing duties requiring less skill.
Highway Maintenance Workers maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way.
Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators operate machinery such as longwall shears, plows, and cutting machines to cut or channel along the faces or seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other mining surfaces in order to facilitate blasting, separating, or removing minerals or materials from mines or the Earth's surface.
All mining machine operators not listed separately.
Paperhangers cover interior walls or ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces such as walls and billboards.
Pipelayers lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains.
Plasterers and Stucco Masons apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.
Quarry Rock Splitters separate blocks of rough-dimension stone from quarry mass, using a jackhammer and wedges.
Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrow-gauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits, and mines.
Roof Bolters (Mining) operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mines.
Rotary Drill Operators (Oil and Gas) set up or operate a variety of drills to remove underground oil and gas, or remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration.
Roustabouts (Oil and Gas) assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. They also perform other tasks as needed.
Segmental Pavers lay out, cut, and place segmental paving units.
Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains.
Service Unit Operators (Oil, Gas, and Mining) operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells.
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