Glaziers

Career, Salary and Education Information

What They Do: Glaziers install glass in windows, skylights, and other fixtures in storefronts and buildings.

Work Environment: As in many other construction trades, the work of glaziers is physically demanding. They may experience cuts from tools and glass, falls from ladders and scaffolding, and exposure to solvents. Most work full time.

How to Become One: Glaziers typically enter the occupation with a high school diploma and learn their trade through an apprenticeship or on-the-job training.

Salary: The median annual wage for glaziers is $47,180.

Job Outlook: Employment of glaziers is projected to grow 4 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of glaziers with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as a glazier with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Glazier Jobs

  • Glazier/Lead Installer - Gpac - Norco, CA

    We are looking to add a lead glazier with strong communication skills, a passion for the industry, and diverse commercial glass experience. This is a great opportunity and if you want to join a ...

  • Glazier / Foreman - Gpac - San Francisco, CA

    A growing company is looking to add a Glazier /Foreman to their team! This is an ideal opportunity for the Glazier /Foreman who wants to join an esteemed company that utilizes cutting edge technology ...

  • Glazier - JR Butler Inc. - Denver, CO

    JR Butler Field Glazier We are excited to be looking for a new Glazier to join our team! Founded in 1994, JR Butler is a commercial glass and glazing company based in Englewood, Colorado, with ...

See all Glazier jobs

What Glaziers Do[About this section] [To Top]

Glaziers install glass in windows, skylights, and other fixtures in storefronts and buildings.

Duties of Glaziers

Glaziers typically do the following:

  • Follow blueprints and specifications
  • Remove any old or broken glass before installing replacement glass
  • Cut glass to the specified size and shape
  • Use measuring tape, plumb lines, and levels to ensure proper fitting installation
  • Make or install sashes and moldings for glass installation
  • Fasten glass into sashes or frames with clips, moldings, or other types of fasteners
  • Add weather seal or putty around pane edges to seal joints

Glass has many uses in everyday life. For example, insulated and specially treated glass keeps in warm or cool air and controls sound and condensation. Tempered and laminated glass makes doors and windows more secure by making them less prone to breaking. Glaziers specialize in installing these different glass products.

In homes, glaziers install or replace windows, mirrors, shower doors, and bathtub enclosures. They fit glass for tabletops and display cases. On commercial interior projects, glaziers install items such as room dividers and security windows. Glazing projects may also involve exterior work such as replacing storefront windows for supermarkets, auto dealerships, banks, and other establishments.

For most large-scale construction jobs, glass is precut and mounted into frames at a factory or a contractor's shop. The finished glass arrives at the jobsite ready for glaziers to position and secure into place. Using cranes or hoists with suction cups, workers lift large, heavy pieces of glass for installation. In cases where the glass is not secure inside the frame, glaziers may attach steel and aluminum sashes or frames to the building, and then secure the glass with clips, moldings, or other types of fasteners.

Many windows are now being covered with laminates—a thin film or coating placed over the glass. These coatings provide additional durability, security, and can add color or tint to interior and exterior glass. The laminate also provides safety benefits by making glass less prone to shattering, which makes it ideal for commercial use.

Workers who replace and repair glass in motor vehicles are covered in the automotive body and glass repairers profile.

Work Environment for Glaziers[About this section] [To Top]

Glaziers hold about 56,900 jobs. The largest employers of glaziers are as follows:

Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors 63%
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers 11%
Self-employed workers 8%
Building finishing contractors 6%
Manufacturing 4%

As in many other construction trades, the work of glaziers is physically demanding. Glaziers spend most of the day standing, bending, or reaching, and they often must lift and maneuver heavy, cumbersome materials, such as large glass plates. Glaziers are often exposed to the weather while installing glass. They may be required to travel to different jobsites for commercial or residential work.

Injuries and Illnesses for Glaziers

The work of glaziers can be dangerous, and workers risk injury. Injuries may include cuts from tools and glass, falls from ladders and scaffolding, and exposure to solvents. To minimize their risk of harm, workers may wear protective gear, such as safety glasses, harnesses, and gloves.

Glazier Work Schedules

Most glaziers work full time.

How to Become a Glazier[About this section] [To Top]

Get the education you need: Find schools for Glaziers near you!

Glaziers typically enter the occupation with a high school diploma and learn their trade through an apprenticeship or on-the-job training.

Education for Glaziers

Glaziers typically enter the occupation with a high school diploma or equivalent.

Glazier Training

Glaziers typically learn their trade through a 4-year apprenticeship or on-the-job training. On the job, they learn to use the tools and equipment of the trade; handle, measure, cut, and install glass and metal framing; cut and fit moldings; and install and balance glass doors. Technical training includes learning different installation techniques, as well as basic mathematics, blueprint reading and sketching, general construction techniques, safety practices, and first aid.

A few groups sponsor apprenticeship programs, including several union and contractor associations. Most programs require apprentices to have a high school diploma or equivalent and be at least 18 years old. After completing an apprenticeship program, glaziers are considered to be journey workers who may do tasks on their own.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Glaziers

Some states may require glaziers to have a license; check with your state for more information. Licensure requirements typically include passing a test and possessing a combination of education and work experience.

Important Qualities for Glaziers

Balance. Glaziers need a good sense of balance while handling large panes of glass or while working on ladders or scaffolds.

Communication. Glaziers need to be able to communicate effectively with other team members and with customers to ensure the work is done precisely and on time.

Hand–eye coordination. Glaziers must be able to cut glass precisely. As a result, a steady hand is needed to cut the correct size and shape in the field.

Physical stamina. Glaziers work on their feet and move heavy pieces of glass most of the day. They need to be able to hold glass in place until it can be fully secured.

Physical strength. Glaziers must often lift heavy pieces of glass for hanging. Physical strength, therefore, is important for the occupation.

Glazier Salaries[About this section] [More salary/earnings info] [To Top]

The median annual wage for glaziers is $47,180. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $30,470, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $79,340.

The median annual wages for glaziers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors $47,750
Building finishing contractors $46,660
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers $45,400
Manufacturing $37,840

Pay for apprentices is less than what fully trained glaziers make. Apprentices receive more pay as they gain experience. Glaziers who work at heights may be eligible for hazard pay.

Most glaziers work full time.

Job Outlook for Glaziers[About this section] [To Top]

Employment of glaziers is projected to grow 4 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

About 6,500 openings for glaziers are projected each year, on average, over the decade. Many of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire.

Employment of Glaziers

An important component of buildings, glass improves access to natural light. Demand for glaziers stems both from new construction and from the need to repair and replace windows and other glass in existing buildings.

Employment projections data for Glaziers, 2021-31
Occupational Title Employment, 2021 Projected Employment, 2031 Change, 2021-31
Percent Numeric
Glaziers 56,900 59,200 4 2,300


A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.


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