Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Career, Salary and Education Information

What They Do: Solar photovoltaic (PV) installers assemble, install, and maintain solar panel systems on rooftops or other structures.

Work Environment: Most solar panel installations are done outdoors, but PV installers sometimes work in attics and crawl spaces to connect panels to the electric grid. Installers must also travel to jobsites.

How to Become One: Although most installers need a high school diploma and typically receive on-the-job training lasting up to 1 year, some candidates take courses at a technical school or community college.

Salary: The median annual wage for solar photovoltaic installers is $44,890.

Job Outlook: Employment of solar photovoltaic installers is projected to grow 51 percent over the next ten years, much faster than the average for all occupations. The continued expansion and adoption of solar PV systems will result in excellent job opportunities, particularly for those who complete training courses on solar panel installation.

Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of solar photovoltaic installers with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as a solar photovoltaic installer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Solar Installer Jobs

  • Residential Solar Installer - Sky Blue Energy - Dallas, TX

    Pulling inventory for each installation job Pre-assemble job components Layout and assembly of solar modules / array and mounting hardware Mechanical/structural mounting of racking, modules and ...

  • Solar Installer - Kuubix Energy Inc - Chico, CA

    We are humbled and grateful to be the only solar energy installation company to make it in the top 50! We are looking for a local recruiter who is highly motivated and willing to grow with our ...

  • Solar Installer - Sunrun - Linthicum, MD

    As a Solar Installer , You will: * Install roof-mounted solar systems * Assemble the racking and solar array * Assemble equipment and properly seal all roof penetrations * Perform trenching, concrete ...

See all Solar Installer jobs

What Solar Photovoltaic Installers Do[About this section] [To Top]

Solar photovoltaic (PV) installers, also known as PV installers, assemble, install, and maintain solar panel systems on rooftops or other structures.

Duties of Solar Photovoltaic Installers

PV installers typically do the following:

  • Plan PV system configurations based on customer needs and site conditions
  • Measure, cut, and assemble the support structure for solar PV panels
  • Install solar modules, panels, and support structures in accordance with building codes and standards
  • Connect PV panels to the electrical system
  • Apply weather sealant to equipment being installed
  • Activate and test PV systems
  • Perform routine PV system maintenance

Solar PV panels convert sunlight to electricity, and PV installers put these systems in place. PV installers use a variety of hand and power tools to install PV panels. They often use drills, wrenches, saws, and screwdrivers to connect panels to frames, wires, and support structures.

Many new PV installers begin by performing basic tasks, such as installing support structures and placing PV panels or PV shingles on top of them. Once the panels are in place, more-experienced installers usually perform more-complex duties, such as connecting electrical components.

Depending on the job and state laws, PV installers may connect the solar panels to the electric grid, although electricians sometimes perform this duty. Once the panels are installed, workers check the electrical systems for proper wiring, polarity, and grounding, and they also perform maintenance as needed.

Work Environment for Solar Photovoltaic Installers[About this section] [To Top]

Solar photovoltaic installers hold about 12,000 jobs. The largest employers of solar photovoltaic installers are as follows:

Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors 35%
Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors 33%
Self-employed workers 6%
Utilities 5%

Because photovoltaic (PV) panels convert sunlight into electricity, most PV installation is done outdoors. Residential installers work on rooftops but also sometimes work in attics and crawl spaces to connect panels to the electrical grid. PV installers who build solar farms work at ground level.

PV installers may work alone or as part of a team. Installation of solar panels may require the help of roofers and electricians.

Injuries and Illnesses for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Solar photovoltaic installers risk falls from ladders and roofs, shocks from electricity, and burns from hot equipment and materials while installing and maintaining PV systems. To reduce the risk of injury, PV installers must wear safety equipment, such as harnesses, gloves, and hard hats.

How to Become a Solar Photovoltaic Installer[About this section] [To Top]

Get the education you need: Find schools for Solar Photovoltaic Installers near you!

There are multiple paths to becoming a solar photovoltaic (PV) installer, often called a PV installer. Most workers need a high school diploma and receive on-the-job training lasting up to 1 year. Other candidates take courses at a technical school or community college. Some PV installers learn to install panels as part of an apprenticeship.

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Education for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Most employers require PV installers to have a high school diploma. Some PV installers take courses at local community colleges or trade schools to learn about solar panel installation. Courses range from basic safety and PV knowledge to system design. Although course lengths vary by state and locality, most usually last a few days to several months.

Some candidates may enter the field by taking online training courses. This option is particularly useful for candidates with prior construction experience, such as former electricians.

Solar Photovoltaic Installer Training

Some PV installers learn their trade on the job by working with experienced installers. On-the-job training usually lasts between 1 month and 1 year. During training, PV installers learn about safety, tools, and PV system installation techniques.

Electrician and roofing apprentices and journey workers may complete photovoltaic-specific training modules through apprenticeships.

Solar PV system manufacturers may also provide training on specific products. Such training usually includes a system overview and proper installation techniques for the manufacturer's products.

Military veterans may benefit from the Solar Ready Vets program, which is a joint effort of the U.S Departments of Defense and Energy to connect veterans with training and jobs in the solar industry.

Important Qualities for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Communication skills. PV installers often need to communicate effectively with clients to ensure customer satisfaction and with other workers to ensure that proper safety and installation procedures are followed.

Detail oriented. PV installers must carefully follow instructions during installation. If they fail to do so, the system may not work properly.

Mechanical skills. PV installers work with complex electrical and mechanical equipment in order to build support structures for solar panels and to connect the panels to the electrical system.

Physical stamina. PV installers are often on their feet carrying panels and other heavy equipment. When installing rooftop panels, workers may need to climb ladders many times throughout the day.

Physical strength. PV installers often lift heavy equipment and materials weighing up to 50 pounds.

Work Experience in a Related Occupation for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Experience in construction may shorten a new employee's training time. For example, workers with experience as an electrician, roofer, carpenter, or laborer typically already understand and can perform basic construction duties.

In addition, those with knowledge of electrical work, such as electricians, are highly valued by contractors.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

Most employers require PV installers to have a driver's license.

Certification is not a requirement but can demonstrate a PV installer's competency in solar panel installation. The Electronics Technicians Association, International (ETA); the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners; and Roof Integrated Solar Energy (RISE) Inc., all offer certification for PV installers.

Solar Photovoltaic Installer Salaries[About this section] [More salary/earnings info] [To Top]

The median annual wage for solar photovoltaic installers is $44,890. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $31,600, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $63,880.

The median annual wages for solar photovoltaic installers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Electrical contractors and other wiring installation contractors $46,630
Plumbing, heating, and air-conditioning contractors $44,870
Utilities $42,280

Job Outlook for Solar Photovoltaic Installers[About this section] [To Top]

Employment of solar photovoltaic (PV) installers, often called PV installers, is projected to grow 51 percent over the next ten years, much faster than the average for all occupations.

The continued expansion and adoption of solar PV systems is expected to create jobs for their installation and upkeep. As the cost of PV panels and shingles continues to decrease, more households are expected to take advantage of these systems, resulting in greater demand for the workers who install and maintain them. The increasing popularity of solar leasing plans—in which homeowners lease, rather than purchase, systems—should create additional demand, because homeowners no longer bear the upfront costs of installation.

Demand may be greatest in states and localities that provide incentives to reduce the cost of PV systems.

Job Prospects for Solar Photovoltaic Installers

About 2,300 openings for solar photovoltaic installers are projected each year, on average, over the decade.

Many of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire.

Despite fast growth, this occupation is small and has limited employment; therefore, strong competition for jobs is expected. Job candidates who complete a course in photovoltaic systems at a community college or technical school should have the best opportunities. Those who enter apprenticeships also are expected to have very good job opportunities. Candidates with experience in construction occupations, such as laborers, roofers, and carpenters, should have better job opportunities than those without construction experience.

Employment projections data for Solar Photovoltaic Installers, 2019-29
Occupational Title Employment, 2019 Projected Employment, 2029 Change, 2019-29
Percent Numeric
Solar photovoltaic installers 12,000 18,100 51 6,100


A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.


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