Personal Care and Service Occupations

Employment of personal care and service occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2014 to 2024, faster than the average for all occupations, which will result in about 792,100 new jobs. Personal care aides are expected to account for 6 out of 10 of these new jobs. Personal care aides assist clients with daily living activities and demand for their services will grow as the elderly population increases.

Personal care and service occupations had a median annual wage of $21,850 in May 2015, which is lower than the median annual wage for all occupations of $36,200.

Animal Care and Service Workers

Animal care and service workers provide care for animals. They feed, groom, bathe, and exercise pets and other nonfarm animals. Job tasks vary by position and place of work.

Barbers, Hairdressers, and Cosmetologists

Barbers, hairdressers, and cosmetologists provide haircutting, hairstyling, and a range of other beauty services.

Childcare Center Directors

Preschool and childcare center directors direct and lead staffs, oversee daily activities, and prepare plans and budgets. They are responsible for all aspects of their center’s program.

Childcare Workers

Childcare workers provide care for children when parents and other family members are unavailable. They attend to children’s basic needs, such as bathing and feeding. In addition, some help children prepare for kindergarten or help older children with homework.

Fitness Trainers and Instructors

Fitness trainers and instructors lead, instruct, and motivate individuals or groups in exercise activities, including cardiovascular exercises (exercises for the heart and blood circulation), strength training, and stretching. They work with people of all ages and skill levels.

Funeral Service Workers

Funeral service workers organize and manage the details of a funeral.

Gaming Services Workers

Gaming services workers serve customers in gambling establishments, such as casinos or racetracks. Some workers tend slot machines, deal cards, or oversee other gaming activities such as keno or bingo. Others take bets or pay out winnings. Still others supervise or manage gaming workers and operations.

Manicurists and Pedicurists

Manicurists and pedicurists clean, shape, and beautify fingernails and toenails.

Personal Care Aides

Personal care aides help clients with self-care and everyday tasks. They also provide social supports and assistance that enable clients to participate in their communities.

Recreation Workers

Recreation workers design and lead recreational and leisure activities for groups in volunteer agencies or recreation facilities, such as playgrounds, parks, camps, aquatic centers, and senior centers. They may lead activities such as arts and crafts, dance, sports, adventure programs, music, and camping.

Skincare Specialists

Skincare specialists cleanse and beautify the face and body to enhance a person’s appearance.

Additional Personal Care and Service Occupations

Amusement and Recreation Attendants

Amusement and Recreation Attendants perform a variety of duties at amusement or recreation facilities.

Baggage Porters and Bellhops

Baggage Porters and Bellhops handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.


Concierges offer personal services to assist patrons at hotels, apartments, or office buildings.

Costume Attendants

Costume Attendants select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers. May assist with multiple costume changes during performances.


Embalmers prepare dead bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.

Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers (all other)

All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.

First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers

First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers directly supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies.

Funeral Attendants

Funeral Attendants perform a variety of tasks during funerals, such as placing caskets in the parlor or chapel prior to services, arranging floral offerings or lights around caskets, directing or escorting mourners, closing caskets, and issuing and storing funeral equipment.

Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants

Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.

Makeup Artists (Theatrical and Performance)

Makeup Artists apply makeup to performers to reflect the period, setting, and situation of their roles.

Motion Picture Projectionists

Motion Picture Projectionists set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.

Personal Care and Service Workers (all other)

All personal care and service workers not listed separately.

Residential Advisors

Residential Advisors coordinate activities in residential facilities in secondary school and college dormitories, group homes, or similar establishments.


Shampooers shampoo and rinse customers' hair.

Tour Guides and Escorts

Tour Guides and Escorts escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.

Travel Guides

Travel Guides plan, organize, and conduct long-distance travel, tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.

Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers

Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers assist patrons at entertainment events by collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating rest rooms and telephones.

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