Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

Career, Salary and Education Information

What They Do: Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.

Work Environment: Installing flooring, tile, and marble is physically demanding, with workers spending much of their time reaching, bending, and kneeling. Those employed in commercial settings may work evenings and weekends.

How to Become One: Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically learn their trade on the job, sometimes starting as a helper.

Salary: The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and marble setters is $42,050.

Job Outlook: Employment of flooring installers and tile and marble setters is projected to grow 3 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of flooring installers and tile and marble setters with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as a flooring installer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Flooring Installer Jobs

  • Experienced Flooring Installer - The Wood Floor Pros - Salt Lake City, UT

    We are seeking an Experienced Flooring Installer to become a part of our team! You will be installing hardwood, vinyl and laminate. You might also be assisting with refinishing hardwood floors when ...

  • Hardwood Floor Installer - GRANDVIEW NORTH LLC - Arlington, WA

    Our successful and growing new construction compay is looking for Hardwood Flooring installers . The ideal candidate should have: *Experience in hardwood floor installation *Available Monday-Friday

  • Flooring Installer - San Antonio Skilled Trades - San Antonio, TX

    Immediately hiring Flooring Installers for commercial and multi-family projects in San Antonio. Pay is $14-$18/hr. and can go up from there depending on experience. Start ASAP! * Installing subfloors

See all Flooring Installer jobs

Top 3 Tile Setter Jobs

  • Tile Setter - WILLIAM POIT CALDWELL - Sacramento, CA

    Hiring Tile Setter or Tile finisher. Trainee (apprentice $15.00 to start but must have reliable transportation and good work ethics) Worksites are from Davis to the greater Sacramento area

  • Tile Setter - The Garden Gate - Tucson, AZ

    Experience tile setter needed for pools and spas. Company Description Who We Are We are a high-end residential landscape and pool design / installation company with an eye for detail. The Garden Gate ...

  • Tile Setter - Stile Surfaces - Albuquerque, NM

    Tile Setter needed. Entry level skills are welcomed. Full time position. Compensation based on skill level. Ability to work independently. Time management skills for efficient production. Reliable ...

See all Tile Setter jobs

What Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters Do[About this section] [To Top]

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay and finish carpet, wood, vinyl, and tile.

Duties of Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically do the following:

  • Remove existing flooring or wall covering
  • Clean and level the surface to be covered
  • Measure the area and cut flooring material to fit
  • Arrange flooring according to design plans
  • Place flooring, using adhesives, nails, or staples
  • Fill joints with filler compound and remove excess compound
  • Trim excess carpet or linoleum
  • Apply necessary finishes, such as sealants and stains

Nearly every building has a finished floor, and flooring installers and tile and marble setters lay the materials that improve the look and feel of homes, offices, restaurants, and other buildings. Although most of the materials installed by these workers cover only floors, some materials are also installed on walls and countertops or in showers.

A smooth, even base of mortar or plywood is required for floors and tile to be installed. The base may be installed by flooring installers and tile and marble setters or by other construction craftworkers. When remodeling, workers may need to remove the old flooring and smooth the surface.

The following are examples of types of flooring installers and tile and marble setters:

Carpet installers lay lengths of carpet on new floors or over older flooring. They use special tools, including "knee kickers" to position the carpet and power stretchers to pull the carpet snugly against walls. Installers also join edges of carpet and seam edges where necessary, by sewing or by using tape with glue and a heated carpet iron.

Carpet tile installers lay small, modular pieces of carpet that may be glued into place. Carpet tiles allow for easy replacement and design patterns that are not possible with standard carpet.

Floor sanders and finishers perform the final steps in hardwood floor installation. After carpenters install the hardwood floor, workers use power sanders to smooth it. They apply stains and sealants to preserve the wood.

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles, install a wide variety of resilient flooring materials. Linoleum installers lay the hard, washable floor material of the same name. The linoleum is cut to size and glued into place. Vinyl installers install plastic-based flooring that includes vinyl ester, vinyl sheeting, and vinyl tile. Installers of laminate, manufactured wood, and wood tile floors are included in this category.

Tile and marble setters install ceramic and marble tile. Tile installers, sometimes called tile setters, cut and place tile. To cut tiles, workers use wet saws, tile scribes, or handheld tile cutters to create even edges. They use trowels of different sizes to spread mortar or a sticky paste, called mastic, evenly on the surface to be tiled. To minimize imperfections and keep rows even, they put spacers between tiles. Spacers keep tiles the same distance from each other until the mortar is dry. Tile finishers apply grout between tiles after the tiles are set, using a rubber trowel called a float. When the grout dries, they must wipe the tiles for a clean, finished look. Marble setters cut marble to a specified size with a wet saw. After fastening the stone, marble setters polish the marble to a high luster, using hand or power sanders.

Work Environment for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters[About this section] [To Top]

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters hold about 123,400 jobs. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up flooring installers and tile and marble setters is distributed as follows:

Tile and marble setters 57,000
Carpet installers 36,500
Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles 22,900
Floor sanders and finishers 7,000

The largest employers of flooring installers and tile and marble setters are as follows:

Self-employed workers 28%
Home furnishings stores 8%
Manufacturing 4%
Construction of buildings 4%

Installing flooring, tile, and marble is physically demanding, requiring workers to spend much of their time reaching, bending, and kneeling. Workers typically wear kneepads while kneeling; safety goggles when using grinders, saws, and sanders; and dust masks or respirator systems to prevent inhaling work-generated dust in enclosed areas with poor ventilation.

Flooring Installer and Tile and Marble Setter Work Schedules

Most flooring installers and tile and marble setters work full time. In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends to avoid disturbing regular business operations.

How to Become a Flooring Installer or Tile and Marble Setter[About this section] [To Top]

Get the education you need: Find schools for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters near you!

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically learn their trade on the job, sometimes starting as a helper. Some learn through an apprenticeship.

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Education for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

There are no specific education requirements for someone to become a flooring installer or tile and marble setter. A high school diploma or equivalent is preferred for those entering an apprenticeship program.

High school art, math, and vocational courses are considered helpful for flooring installers and tile and marble setters.

Flooring Installer and Tile and Marble Setter Training

Flooring installers and tile and marble setters typically learn their duties through on-the-job training, working with experienced installers. Although workers may enter training directly, many start out as helpers.

New workers usually start by performing simple tasks, such as moving materials. As they gain experience, they are given more complex tasks, such as cutting carpet. Some tile installer helpers become tile finishers before becoming tile installers.

Some flooring installers and tile and marble setters learn their trade through a 2- to 4-year apprenticeship. This instruction may include mathematics, building code requirements, safety and first-aid practices, and blueprint reading. After completing an apprenticeship program, flooring installers and tile and marble setters are considered to be journey workers and may perform duties on their own.

Certification for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

Several organizations and groups offer certifications for floor and tile installers. Although certification is not required, it demonstrates that a flooring installer and tile and marble setter has a specific mastery skills to do a job.

The Ceramic Tile Education Foundation (CTEF) offers the Certified Tile Installer (CTI) certification for workers with 2 or more years of experience as a tile installer. Applicants are required to complete a written test and a hands-on performance evaluation.

Several groups, including the Ceramic Tile Education Foundation, the International Masonry Institute (IMI), the International Union of Bricklayers & Allied Craftworkers (IUBAC), the National Tile Contractors Association (NTCA), the Tile Contractors' Association of America (TCAA), and the Tile Council of North America (TCNA) have created the Advanced Certifications for Tile Installers (ACT) program. Certification requirements include passing both an exam and a field test. Workers must also have either completed a qualified apprenticeship program or earned the CTI certification to qualify for testing. The program offers certifications in seven specific areas of tile installation:

  • Grouts
  • Large-format tile and substrate preparation
  • Membranes
  • Mortar (mud) floors
  • Mortar (mud) walls
  • Shower receptors
  • Thin porcelain tile

The National Wood Flooring Association (NWFA) has a voluntary certification for floor sanders and finishers. Sanders and finishers must have 2 years of experience and must have completed NWFA-approved training. Applicants are also required to complete written and performance tests.

The International Certified Floorcovering Installers Association (CFI) offers certification for flooring and tile installers. Installers need 2 years of experience before they can take the written test and a hands-on performance evaluation.

The International Standards & Training Alliance (INSTALL) offers a comprehensive flooring certification program for flooring and tile installers. INSTALL certification requires both classroom and hands-on training, and covers all major types of flooring.

Important Qualities for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

Color vision. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters often determine small color variations. Because tile patterns may include many different colors, workers must be able to distinguish among colors and among patterns for the best looking finish.

Customer-service skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters commonly work in customers' homes. Therefore, workers must be courteous and considerate of a customer's property while completing tasks.

Detail oriented. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters need to plan and lay out materials. Some carpet patterns can be highly detailed and artistic, so workers must ensure that the patterns are properly and accurately aligned.

Math skills. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters use measurement-related math skills on every job. Besides measuring the area to be covered, workers must calculate the number of carpet tiles needed to cover that area.

Physical stamina. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters must have the endurance to stand or kneel for many hours. Workers need to spread adhesives quickly and place tile on floors before the adhesives harden.

Physical strength. Flooring installers and tile and marble setters lift and carry heavy materials. Workers must be strong enough to lift, carry, and set heavy pieces of marble into position.

Flooring Installer and Tile and Marble Setter Salaries[About this section] [More salary/earnings info] [To Top]

The median annual wage for flooring installers and tile and marble setters is $42,050. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $25,780, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $74,630.

Median annual wages for flooring installers and tile and marble setters are as follows:

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles $44,240
Tile and marble setters $43,050
Carpet installers $40,090
Floor sanders and finishers $39,610

The median annual wages for flooring installers and tile and marble setters in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Construction of buildings $44,240
Home furnishings stores $41,050
Manufacturing $36,390

Most flooring installers and tile and marble setters work full time. In commercial settings, installers may work evenings and weekends to avoid disturbing regular business operations.

Job Outlook for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters[About this section] [To Top]

Employment of flooring installers and tile and marble setters is projected to grow 3 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

The construction of new housing units will be the primary source of flooring and tile and marble installation work over the projections decade. More flooring installers and tile and marble setters will be needed for remodeling and replacement projects in existing homes. Although carpet is still the dominant flooring, other products, including resilient flooring such as vinyl, are growing in popularity.

Tile and marble will continue to be commonly installed in bathrooms, shopping malls, and restaurants, as well as in other commercial and government buildings.

Job Prospects for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters

About 10,700 openings for flooring installers and tile and marble setters are projected each year, on average, over the decade.

Many of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire.

As with many other types of construction occupations, employment of these workers is sensitive to fluctuations of the economy. On the one hand, workers may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, additional workers may be needed in some areas during peak periods of building activity.

Employment projections data for Flooring Installers and Tile and Marble Setters, 2019-29
Occupational Title Employment, 2019 Projected Employment, 2029 Change, 2019-29
Percent Numeric
Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers 123,400 127,500 3 4,100
  Carpet installers 36,500 33,300 -9 -3,200
  Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles 22,900 25,200 10 2,300
  Floor sanders and finishers 7,000 7,100 2 200
  Tile and stone setters 57,000 61,900 9 4,900


A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.


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