Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Career, Salary and Education Information

What They Do: Automotive body and glass repairers restore, refinish, and replace vehicle bodies and frames, windshields, and window glass.

Work Environment: Automotive body repairers work indoors in body shops, which are often noisy. Shops are typically well ventilated, so that dust and paint fumes can be dispersed. Repairers sometimes work in awkward and cramped positions, and their work can be physically demanding. Automotive glass installers and repairers often travel to the customer’s location to repair damaged windshields and window glass.

How to Become One: Most employers prefer to hire automotive body and glass repairers who have completed a training program in automotive body or glass repair. Still, many new automotive body and glass repairers begin work without previous training. Industry certification is becoming increasingly important.

Salary: The median annual wage for automotive body and related repairers is $43,580. The median annual wage for automotive glass installers and repairers is $35,790.

Job Outlook: Overall employment of automotive body and glass repairers is projected to grow 2 percent over the next ten years, slower than the average for all occupations. However, many openings will arise from the need to replace workers who leave the occupation.

Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of automotive body and glass repairers with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as an automotive body and glass repairer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Automotive Body Repair Jobs

  • Repair Technicians, Detailers, Estimators - Junge Automotive Group - North Liberty, IA

    Junge of North Liberty is excited to announce Abra Body Shop is coming November 1st, 2020! We are ... Junge Automotive Group has been serving the Corridor since 1976, our newest location in North ...

  • Autobody Repair & Paint-Jrn (33688) - Mission Support Alliance, LLC - Richland, WA

    Work includes making complex body and fender repairs , welding as it applies to the performance of major and minor crash repairs to all types of automotive equipment preparation of surfaces, mixing ...

  • Automotive Body Shop Repair Technicians - Hollingsworth Richards Collision Center - New Orleans, LA

    Automotive Body Shop Repair Technicians A/B Level - Collision Center - Full Time (ZOOM INTERVIEWS) * ​ BUSY SHOP = GREAT PAY! * A Pay Plan You Deserve * Excellent Benefits, Vacations, Holidays When ...

See all Automotive Body Repair jobs

What Automotive Body and Glass Repairers Do[About this section] [To Top]

Automotive body and glass repairers restore, refinish, and replace vehicle bodies and frames, windshields, and window glass.

Duties of Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Automotive body repairers typically do the following:

  • Review damage reports, prepare cost estimates, and plan work
  • Inspect cars for structural damage
  • Remove damaged body parts, including bumpers, fenders, hoods, grilles, and trim
  • Realign car frames and chassis to repair structural damage
  • Hammer out or patch dents, dimples, and other minor body damage
  • Fit, attach, and weld replacement parts into place
  • Sand, buff, and prime refurbished and repaired surfaces
  • Apply new finish to restored body parts

Automotive glass installers and repairers typically do the following:

  • Examine damaged glass or windshields and assess repairability
  • Clean damaged areas and prepare the surfaces for repair
  • Stabilize chips and cracks with clear resin
  • Remove glass that cannot be repaired
  • Check windshield frames for rust
  • Clean windshield frames and prepare them for installation
  • Apply urethane sealant to the windshield frames
  • Install replacement glass
  • Replace any parts removed prior to repairs

Automotive body and glass repairers can repair most damage from vehicle collisions and make vehicles look and drive like new. Repairs may be minor, such as replacing a cracked windshield, or major, such as replacing an entire door panel. After a major collision, the underlying frame of a car can become weakened or compromised. Body repairers restore the structural integrity of car frames to manufacturer specifications.

Body repairers use pneumatic tools and plasma cutters to remove damaged parts, such as bumpers and door panels. They also often use heavy-duty hydraulic jacks and hammers for major structural repairs, such as aligning the body. For some work, they use common hand tools, such as metal files, pliers, wrenches, hammers, and screwdrivers.

In some cases, body repairers complete an entire job by themselves. In other cases, especially in large shops, they use an assembly line approach in which they work as a team with each individual performing a specialized task.

Although body repairers sometimes prime and paint repaired parts, painting and coating workers generally perform these tasks.

Glass installers and repairers often travel to the customer's location and perform their work in the field. They commonly use specialized tools such as vacuum pumps to fill windshield cracks and chips with a stabilizing resin. When windshields are badly damaged, they use knives to remove the damaged windshield, and then they secure the new windshield using a special urethane adhesive.

Work Environment for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers[About this section] [To Top]

Automotive body and related repairers hold about 155,500 jobs. The largest employers of automotive body and related repairers are as follows:

Automotive body, paint, interior, and glass repair 61%
Automobile dealers 17%
Self-employed workers 6%
Automotive mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance 5%

Automotive glass installers and repairers hold about 24,300 jobs. The largest employers of automotive glass installers and repairers are as follows:

Automotive body, paint, interior, and glass repair 73%
Self-employed workers 19%
Construction 2%

Body repairers typically work indoors in body shops, which are often noisy. Most shops are well ventilated, so that dust and paint fumes can be dispersed. Glass installers and repairers often travel to the customer's location to repair damaged windshields and window glass.

Automotive body and glass repairers sometimes work in awkward and cramped positions, and their work can be physically demanding.

Injuries and Illnesses for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Automotive body repairers have a higher rate of injuries and illnesses than the national average. These workers may suffer minor injuries, such as cuts, burns, and scrapes. Following safety procedures helps to avoid serious accidents.

Automotive Body and Glass Repairer Work Schedules

Most automotive body and glass repairers work full time. When shops have to complete a backlog of work, overtime is common. This often includes working evenings and weekends.

How to Become an Automotive Body or Glass Repairer[About this section] [To Top]

Get the education you need: Find schools for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers near you!

Most employers prefer to hire automotive body and glass repairers who have completed a training program in automotive body or glass repair. Still, many new body and glass repairers begin work without previous training. Industry certification is increasingly important.

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Education for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

High school, trade and technical school, and community college programs in collision repair combine hands-on practice and technical instruction. Topics usually include electronics, repair cost estimation, and welding, all of which provide a strong educational foundation for a career as a body repairer.

Trade and technical school programs typically award certificates after 6 months to 1 year of study. Some community colleges offer 2-year programs in collision repair. Many of these schools also offer certificates for individual courses, so students can take classes part time or as needed.

Automotive Body and Glass Repairer Training

New workers typically begin their on-the-job training by helping an experienced body repairer with basic tasks, such as fixing minor dents. As they gain experience, they move on to more complex work, such as aligning car frames. Some body repairers may become trained in as little as 1 year, but they generally need 2 or 3 years of hands-on training to become fully independent body repairers.

Basic automotive glass installation and repair can be learned in as little as 6 months, but becoming fully independent can take up to a year of training.

Workers who complete programs in collision repair often require significantly less on-the-job training. They typically advance to independent work more quickly than those who do not have the same level of education.

Throughout their careers, body repairers need to continue their training to keep up with rapidly changing automotive technology and materials. Body repairers are expected to develop their skills by reading technical manuals and by attending classes and seminars. Many employers regularly send workers to advanced training programs, such as those offered by the Inter-Industry Conference on Auto Collision Repair (I-CAR).

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Although not required, certification is recommended because it shows competence and usually brings higher pay. In some instances it is required for advancement beyond entry-level work.

Certification from the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) is a standard credential for body repairers. In addition, many vehicle and paint manufacturers have product certification programs that are used to train body repairers in specific technologies and repair methods.

A few states require a license to perform automotive glass installation and repair. Check with your state for more information.

Advancement for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Automotive body and glass repairers earn more money as they gain experience, and some may advance into management positions within body shops, especially those workers with 2- or 4-year degrees.

Important Qualities for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Critical-thinking skills. Automotive body and glass repairers evaluate vehicle damage and determine necessary repair strategies. In some cases, they must decide if a vehicle is "totaled," or too damaged to justify the cost of repair.

Customer-service skills. Automotive body and glass repairers discuss auto body and glass problems, along with options to fix them, with customers. Workers must be courteous, good listeners, and ready to answer customers' questions.

Detail oriented. Automotive body and glass repairers must pay close attention to detail. Restoring a damaged auto body or windshield requires workers to have a keen eye for even the smallest imperfection.

Dexterity. Automotive body repairers' tasks, such as removing door panels, hammering out dents, and using hand tools to install parts, require a steady hand and good hand–eye coordination.

Mechanical skills. Automotive body repairers must know which diagnostic, hydraulic, pneumatic, and other power equipment and tools are appropriate for certain procedures and repairs. They must know how to apply the correct techniques and methods necessary to repair automobiles.

Physical strength. Automotive body and glass repairers must sometimes lift heavy parts, such as door panels and windshields.

Time-management skills. Automotive body and glass repairers must be timely in their repairs. For many people, their automobile is their primary mode of transportation.

Automotive Body and Glass Repairer Salaries[About this section] [More salary/earnings info] [To Top]

The median annual wage for automotive body and related repairers is $43,580. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,710, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $73,470.

The median annual wage for automotive glass installers and repairers is $35,790. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $24,660, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $52,710.

The median annual wages for automotive body and related repairers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Automotive body, paint, interior, and glass repair $44,100
Automotive mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance $41,810
Automobile dealers $40,930

The median annual wages for automotive glass installers and repairers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Construction $36,840
Automotive body, paint, interior, and glass repair $35,530

The majority of repair shops and auto dealers pay automotive body and glass repairers on an incentive basis. In addition to receiving a guaranteed base salary, employers pay workers a set amount for completing various tasks. Their earnings depend on both the amount of work assigned and how fast they complete it.

Most automotive body and glass repairers work full time. When shops have to complete a backlog of work, overtime is common. This often includes working evenings and weekends.

Job Outlook for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers[About this section] [To Top]

Overall employment of automotive body and glass repairers is projected to grow 2 percent over the next ten years, slower than the average for all occupations.

An increase in the number of vehicles on the road should bolster demand for automotive body and glass repair over the next decade. Demand may fluctuate throughout the year due to the seasonality of inclement weather in some regions. The need for repair may be greater during the winter months in areas with snow and ice, for example, because these conditions increase the chance of accidents.

The adoption of advanced safety features, such as automatic braking for collision avoidance and more durable automotive glass, may reduce future demand for automotive body and glass repair work, but this technology will take time to become commonplace.

Job Prospects for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers

Despite limited employment growth, about 15,700 openings for automotive body and glass repairers are projected each year, on average, over the decade.

Most of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire.

The best opportunities in automotive body repair will be available for those with industry certification and training in automotive body repair and refinishing, and in collision repair.

Employment projections data for Automotive Body and Glass Repairers, 2019-29
Occupational Title Employment, 2019 Projected Employment, 2029 Change, 2019-29
Percent Numeric
Automotive body and glass repairers 179,700 184,000 2 4,300
  Automotive body and related repairers 155,500 159,900 3 6,400
  Automotive glass installers and repairers 24,300 24,200 0 -100


A portion of the information on this page is used by permission of the U.S. Department of Labor.


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