Standing for long periods of time and heavy lifting required. Competitive wages and incentive pay available. Full benefit packages after 90 days of
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Perform product changeovers to the coating machine. Activities not limited to roll exchanges, roll cleaning, doctor blade exchanges, threading
Painting and coating workers often use machines to paint and coat a wide range of products, including cars, jewelry, and ceramics.
Painting and coating workers typically do the following:
Millions of items ranging from cars to furniture are coated by paint, varnish, rustproofing, or other types of liquid applications. Painting or coating is used to make a product more attractive or protect it from the elements. The paint finish on an automobile, for example, makes the vehicle more attractive and provides protection from corrosion.
Before workers begin to apply the paint or other coating, they often need to prepare the surface by sanding or cleaning it carefully to prevent dust from becoming trapped under the paint. Masking is frequently required and involves carefully covering portions of the product with tape and paper.
After the product is prepared, workers may use a number of techniques to apply the paint or coating. A common technique is dipping an item in a large vat of paint or some other coating. Spraying products with paint or another coating is also common. Many factories use automated painting systems.
The following are examples of types of painting and coating workers:
Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders position the spray guns, set the nozzles, and synchronize the action of the guns with the speed of the conveyor carrying products through the machine. During the process, these workers program the machine, tend the equipment, watch gauges on the control panel, and check products to ensure that they are being painted evenly. The operator may use a manual spray gun to touch up flaws.
Dippers use power hoists to immerse products in vats of paint, liquid plastic, or other solutions. This technique is commonly used for small parts of electronic equipment, such as cell phones.
Painting, coating, and decorating workers apply coatings to furniture, glass, pottery, toys, books, and other products. Paper is often coated to give it a gloss. Silver, tin, and copper solutions are frequently sprayed onto glass to make mirrors.
Spraying machine operators use spray guns to coat metal, wood, ceramic, fabric, and paper products with paint and other coating solutions.
Transportation equipment painters are the best known group of painting and coating workers. There are three major specialties:
Painting and coating workers hold about 169,500 jobs. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up painting and coating workers is distributed as follows:
|Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders||97,700|
|Painters, transportation equipment||54,300|
|Painting, coating, and decorating workers||17,500|
Painting and coating is usually done in specially ventilated areas. Nonetheless, workers must wear masks or respirators that cover their nose and mouth.
Coating workers often stand for long periods. When using a spray gun, they may have to bend, stoop, or crouch in uncomfortable positions to reach different parts of the products.
Both transportation equipment painters and painting, coating, and decorating workers have higher rates of injuries and illnesses than the national average. Hazards include muscle strains and exposure to toxic materials. More sophisticated paint booths and fresh-air ventilation systems are increasingly being installed in factories to provide a safer work environment.
The vast majority of painting and coating workers are employed full time. Automotive painters in repair shops often work overtime, depending on the number of vehicles that need painting.
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Most painting and coating workers learn on the job after earning a high school diploma or equivalent. Training for new workers usually lasts from a few days to several months.
Painting and coating workers in the manufacturing sector usually must have a high school diploma or equivalent. Employers outside of manufacturing sometimes hire workers without a high school diploma.
Taking high school courses in automotive painting is recommended.
Some automotive painters attend a technical or vocational school where they receive hands-on training and learn the intricacies of mixing and applying different types of paint.
Most entry-level workers receive on-the-job training that may last from a few days to a few months.
Workers who operate computer-controlled equipment may require additional training in computer programming.
Manufacturing transportation equipment painters typically learn to paint on the job.
Voluntary certification by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) is recognized as the standard of achievement for automotive painters. To obtain certification, painters must pass a written exam and have at least 2 years of experience in the field. Recertification is required every 5 years. Few painting and coating workers other than automobile painters obtain certification.
ASE-approved training in refinishing taken while one is enrolled in high school, a trade or vocational school, or a community college may substitute for up to 1 year of work experience. To keep the certification, painters must retake the exam at least every 5 years.
Artistic ability. Some workers make elaborate or decorative designs. For example, some automotive painters specialize in making custom designs for vehicles.
Color vision. Workers must be able to blend new paint colors in order to match existing colors on a surface.
Mechanical skills. Workers must be able to operate and maintain sprayers that apply paints and coatings.
Physical stamina. Some workers must stand at their station for extended periods. Continuous standing or activity can be tiring.
Physical strength. Workers may need to lift heavy objects. Some products that are painted or coated may weigh over 50 pounds.
The median annual wage for painting and coating workers is $34,340. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $21,890, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $56,910.
Median annual wages for painting and coating workers are as follows:
|Painters, transportation equipment||$41,150|
|Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders||31,940|
|Painting, coating, and decorating workers||29,270|
Automotive painters in repair shops may receive a bonus or commission in addition to their wages.
Trucking companies, bus lines, and other organizations that repair and refinish their own vehicles generally pay by the hour.
The vast majority of painting and coating workers are employed full time. Automotive painters in repair shops often work overtime, depending on the number of vehicles that need repainting.
Employment of painting and coating workers is projected to show little or no change over the next ten years. Employment growth will vary by occupation and industry.
Employment of coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders— the largest occupation in this profile—is projected to show little or no change over the next ten years. Although many consumer, commercial, and industrial products require painting or coating and thus will provide job opportunities for these workers, productivity gains are expected to offset any employment growth.
Employment of transportation equipment painters is projected to grow 6 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations. The majority of new jobs will be driven by the need for painters in repair shops.
Employment of painting, coating, and decorating workers is projected to decline 2 percent over the next ten years. Increased automation in most manufacturing facilities will reduce job opportunities for these workers.
As with many manufacturing jobs, employers often report difficulty finding qualified workers. Therefore, job opportunities should be very good for those with painting experience.
Many job openings should result from the need to replace workers who leave the occupation and from increased specialization in manufacturing.
|Occupational Title||Employment, 2014||Projected Employment, 2024||Change, 2014-24|
|Painting and coating workers||169,500||171,700||1||2,100|
|Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders||97,700||97,000||-1||-700|
|Painters, transportation equipment||54,300||57,500||6||3,200|
|Painting, coating, and decorating workers||17,500||17,200||-2||-300|