Essential Job Functions • Supervise and direct work of subordinate construction workers in a
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Be able to read work orders, blueprints, wiring diagrams and specifications to determine established assembly methods • Cuts wire and or cable to
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers install or repair a variety of electrical equipment in telecommunications, transportation, utilities, and other industries.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers typically do the following:
Modern manufacturing plants and transportation systems use a large amount of electrical and electronics equipment, from assembly line motors to sonar systems. Electrical and electronics installers and repairers fix and maintain these complex pieces of equipment.
Because automated electronic control systems are becoming more complex, repairers use software programs and testing equipment to diagnose malfunctions. Among their diagnostic tools are multimeters—which measure voltage, current, and resistance—and advanced multimeters, which measure the capacitance, inductance, and current gain of transistors.
Repairers also use signal generators, which provide test signals, and oscilloscopes, which display signals graphically. In addition, repairers often use hand tools such as pliers, screwdrivers, and wrenches to replace faulty parts and adjust equipment.
The following are examples of types of electrical and electronics installers and repairers:
Commercial and industrial electrical and electronics equipment repairers adjust, test, repair, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment install, adjust, or maintain mobile communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other vehicles.
Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers inspect, test, maintain, or repair electrical equipment used in generating stations, substations, and in-service relays. These workers also may be known as powerhouse electricians, relay technicians, or power transformer repairers.
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers—such as armature winders, generator mechanics, and electric golf cart repairers—specialize in installing, maintaining, and repairing electric motors, wiring, or switches.
Electronic equipment installers and repairers of motor vehicles install, diagnose, and repair sound, security, and navigation equipment in motor vehicles. These installers and repairers work with a range of complex electronic equipment, including digital audio and video players, navigation systems, and passive and active security systems.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers may also specialize, according to how and where they work:
Field technicians often travel to factories or a customer’s site to repair broken down equipment. Because repairing components is a complex activity, workers usually remove and replace defective units, such as circuit boards, instead of fixing them. Defective units are discarded or returned to the manufacturer or a specialized shop for repair.
Bench technicians work in repair shops in factories and service centers, fixing components that cannot be repaired on a factory floor. These workers also locate and repair circuit defects, such as poorly soldered joints, blown fuses, or malfunctioning transistors.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers held about 136,100 jobs in 2014.
Employment in the detailed occupations that make up this group in 2014 was distributed as follows:
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||67,800|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||22,700|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||19,300|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||14,800|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||11,500|
Some electrical and electronics installers and repairers work in factories, which can be noisy and sometimes warm. Bench technicians work primarily in repair shops, which are quiet and well lit. Motor vehicle electronic equipment installers and repairers normally work in repair shops or in electronics stores.
Installers and repairers may have to lift heavy equipment and work in awkward positions. They spend most of their day walking, standing, or kneeling.
The vast majority of electrical and electronics installers and repairers work full time.
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Most electrical and electronics installers and repairers need specialized courses at a technical college prior to employment. Gaining certification is common and can be useful in getting a job.
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers must understand electrical equipment and electronics. As a result, employers often prefer applicants who have taken courses in electronics at a community college or technical school. Courses usually cover AC and DC electronics, electronic devices, and microcontrollers. It is important for prospects to choose schools that include hands-on training in order to gain practical experience.
In addition to technical education, workers usually receive training on specific types of equipment. This may involve manufacturer-specific training in order for repairers to perform warranty work.
Entry-level repairers usually begin by working with experienced technicians who provide technical guidance and work independently after developing their skills.
While certification is not required, a number of organizations offer certification which can be useful in getting a job. A number of organizations offer certification. For example, the Electronics Technicians Association International (ETA International) offers more than 50 certification programs in numerous electronics specialties for various levels of competency. The International Society of Certified Electronics Technicians (ISCET) also offers certification for several levels of competence. The ISCET focuses on a broad range of topics, including basic electronics, electronic systems, and appliance service. To become certified, applicants must meet prerequisites and pass a comprehensive exam.
Color vision. Workers must be able to identify the color-coded components that are often used in electronic equipment.
Communication skills. Field technicians work closely with customers, so they must listen to and understand customers’ descriptions of problems and explain solutions in a simple, clear manner.
Physical stamina. Some workers must stand at their station for their full shift, which can be tiring.
Physical strength. Workers may need to lift heavy parts during the repair process. Some components weigh over 50 pounds.
Technical skills. Workers use a variety of mechanical and diagnostic tools to install or repair equipment.
Troubleshooting skills. Workers must be able to identify problems with equipment and systems and make the necessary repairs.
The median annual wage for electrical and electronics installers and repairers was $55,160 in May 2015. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $30,020, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $82,710.
Median annual wages for electrical and electronics installers and repairers in May 2015 were as follows:
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||$73,810|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||58,990|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||55,690|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||40,520|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||31,360|
The vast majority of electrical and electronics installers and repairers work full time.
Compared with workers in all occupations, electrical and electronics installers and repairers had a higher percentage of workers who belonged to a union in 2014.
Overall employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers is projected to decline 4 percent from 2014 to 2024. Growth rates will vary by occupation.
Employment of motor vehicle electronic equipment installers and repairers, which represents less than 10 percent of this profile’s 2014 employment, is projected to decline 50 percent from 2014 to 2024. Motor vehicle manufacturers continue to install more and higher quality sound, security, entertainment, and navigation systems in new vehicles. These new electronic systems require less maintenance and will limit installation of aftermarket products.
Employment of powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics installers and repairers is projected to decline 5 percent from 2014 to 2024. Although the installation of new, energy-efficient technologies will likely spur demand for some new workers, privatization in the utilities industries should improve productivity and more than offset any employment gains.
Employment of electric motor, power tool, and related repairers is projected to grow 4 percent from 2014 to 2024, slower than the average for all occupations. Improvements in electrical and electronic equipment design, as well as the increased use of disposable tool parts, will result in slow employment growth.
Employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers of transportation equipment is projected to grow 4 percent from 2014 to 2024, slower than the average for all occupations. Increasing employment in the rail transportation industry—the largest employing segment of these specialists—drives most of the employment growth.
Employment of electrical and electronics installers and repairers of commercial and industrial equipment, which represents about half of this profile’s 2014 employment, is projected to show little or no change from 2014 to 2024. As competition increases, businesses strive to lower costs by increasing and improving automation. Equipment that needs service and repair would generally increase the demand for electrical workers, but improved reliability of equipment is expected to offset that demand and temper overall employment growth.
Overall job opportunities should be excellent for qualified workers with technical education—including an associate’s degree in electronics—along with certification.
The best job opportunities should be for commercial and industrial equipment installers and repairers as the need to replace retiring workers should result in many job openings. Conversely, few opportunities will be available for motor vehicle equipment installers and repairers as the amount of aftermarket installations continues to decline.
|Occupational Title||Employment, 2014||Projected Employment, 2024||Change, 2014-24|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers||136,100||130,700||-4||-5,400|
|Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers||19,300||20,000||4||700|
|Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment||14,800||15,400||4||700|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment||67,800||67,800||0||100|
|Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay||22,700||21,700||-5||-1,000|
|Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles||11,500||5,800||-50||-5,800|