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Web developers design and create websites. They are responsible for the look of the site. They are also responsible for the site's technical aspects, such as its performance and capacity, which are measures of a website's speed and how much traffic the site can handle. In addition, web developers may create content for the site.
Web developers typically do the following:
When creating a website, developers have to make their client's vision a reality. They build particular types of websites, such as ecommerce, news, or gaming sites, to fit clients' needs. Different types of websites require different applications. For example, a gaming site should be able to handle advanced graphics, whereas an ecommerce site would need a payment-processing application. The developer decides which applications and designs will best fit the site.
Some developers handle all aspects of a website's construction, and others specialize in a certain aspect of it. The following are examples of types of specialized web developers:
Back-end web developers are responsible for the overall technical construction of the website. They create the basic framework of the site and ensure that it works as expected. Back-end web developers also establish procedures for allowing others to add new pages to the website and meet with management to discuss major changes to the site.
Webmasters maintain websites and keep them updated. They ensure that websites operate correctly, and they test for errors such as broken links. Many webmasters respond to user comments as well.
Web developers hold about 162,900 jobs. The largest employers of web developers are as follows:
|Computer systems design and related services||17%|
|Publishing industries (except Internet)||5|
|Management, scientific, and technical consulting services||4|
|Advertising, public relations, and related services||4|
Most web developers work full time.
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Educational requirements for web developers vary with the setting they work in and the type of work they do. Web developers need knowledge of both programming and graphic design.
Educational requirements for web developers vary with the setting they work in and the type of work they do. Requirements range from a high school diploma to a bachelor's degree. An associate's degree in web design or related field is the most common requirement.
However, for more specialized developer positions, such as back-end web developers, some employers prefer workers who have at least a bachelor's degree in computer science, programming, or a related field.
Some employers prefer web developers who have both a computer degree and coursework in graphic design, especially if the developer will be heavily involved in the website's visual appearance.
Web developers who have a bachelor's degree can advance to become project managers. For more information, see the profile on computer and information systems managers.
Concentration. Web developers must sit at a computer and write detailed code for long periods.
Creativity. Web developers often are involved in designing the appearance of a website and must make sure that it is appealing as well as functional.
Customer-service skills. Webmasters have to respond politely and correctly to user questions and requests.
Detail oriented. Web developers need to have an eye for detail, because a minor error in coding could cause an entire webpage to stop working.
The median annual wage for web developers is $66,130. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $35,390, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $119,550.
The median annual wages for web developers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:
|Publishing industries (except Internet)||$67,660|
|Computer systems design and related services||66,970|
|Advertising, public relations, and related services||65,650|
|Management, scientific, and technical consulting services||64,020|
Most web developers work full time.
Employment of web developers is projected to grow 13 percent over the next ten years, faster than the average for all occupations.
Employment of web developers is projected to grow as ecommerce continues to expand. Online purchasing is expected to grow faster than the overall retail industry. As retail firms expand their online offerings, demand for web developers will grow. In addition, an increase in the use of mobile devices to search the web will lead to increased demand for web developers. Instead of designing a website for a desktop computer, developers will have to create sites that work on mobile devices with many different screen sizes, leading to more work.
Because websites can be built from anywhere in the world, some web developer jobs may be moved to countries with lower wages. However, this practice may decline because the cost of managing web developers in multiple countries can offset the savings to businesses. Furthermore, web developers must understand cultural nuances that allow webpages to communicate effectively with users, and domestic web developers are better equipped for this task, curtailing the work that may be moved to other countries.
Job opportunities for web developers are expected to be good. Those with knowledge of multiple programming languages and digital multimedia tools, such as Flash and Photoshop, will have the best opportunities.
|Occupational Title||Employment, 2016||Projected Employment, 2026||Change, 2016-26|